Not only the European Central Bank may make money, but also any ordinary bank. It draws its loans out of nowhere. But is that bad as Occupy claims?
There are things that are so obvious that you do not think about it. Among them is the money. Are able to collect bills from the machine, it carries in his wallet around with them, counts them sometimes and use them to pay. But where does the money come from? It will stop anyone to print, you might think.
The bank-critical movement Occupy represents the provocative thesis that it was the banks that provide the money in our economic system. The critics of capitalism did not find good: For-profit private institutions that would democratically control in any way, are creators of money. This is dangerous, says Occupy.
Not only notes and coins
Occupy is right, not with the vote, but with the explanation. It’s the banks that created much of our money. And that large commercial banks like the German Bank and Commerzbank as well as small people and savings banks.
Although banks no bills can print mint coins. This may in the euro area, only the European Central Bank and the national central banks. All others are prohibited by the state and are “not less than one-year imprisonment” sanctioned by, as stated in paragraph 146 of the Criminal Code.
But the money creation by the banks is already of a different nature. To understand this, one must first accept a definition: Money today are not only notes and coins. Also what lies dormant somewhere on accounts that is real money. If figures wander from one account to another, money flows. You can buy things for it and make it pay off.
This electronic part of the money is now even the greater part: In Europe, there is a so-called able to pay money (experts call it “M1”) of about 4.8 trillion euros. This includes 858 billion euros of cash in bills and coins. The unimaginably large remainder, however, is existent only on accounts that “demand deposits”. Just this money it is mainly created by the banks.
How banks do this? By lending. The majority of our money today is no longer produced by the processing of precious metals as it was in earlier centuries. Aristotle and Plato philosophized their time yet as to whether the value of money through the metal value of the coins ( “physics”) arises or by the face value, which the state defines qua decree ( “nomos”). Today, money is created by a variety Schuldenmacherei. What is paper money eventually but a sort of promissory note the issuer who lives by the confidence that he has at any time transfer or redeem?
It creates money from nothing
With the money that the banks create, the so-called “book money” or “scriptural” it is not much different. That kind of money arises when a bank gives a customer a loan and credits the amount to its account. The customer (it may be an individual, a business or even the state) can continue to use the amount as money. Actually, it is technically only a demand that is denominated in cash. He can but the amount is transferred to others, use it with the debit card for shopping or withdraw cash from the machine. The amount is not only “like money” – it’s money originated.